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November 25, 2021

Autologous blood therapy: the importance of growth factors for beautiful skin

PRP treatment in Berlin
© mdbildes – stock.adobe.com

The natural skin ageing process slows down certain processes in the body, such as the metabolism. Fewer new cells are formed and the skin’s own regeneration process is no longer as fast as in younger years. As a result, the skin’s elasticity and firmness decrease. It can also become dry and repair damage more slowly or not at all.

In order for the skin and body to remain healthy and young for a long time and to be able to fulfill their tasks without errors, an intact repair mechanism is necessary, among other things. Stem cells and growth factors, for example, are of great importance for the radiant and youthful appearance of the skin. In the field of anti-aging treatments, the PRP therapy is therefore an effective treatment for sustainably supporting and improving the appearance of the skin, as it works with the body’s own blood plasma, which is rich in growth factors.     

Growth factors as an anti-ageing method

Cell damage can be repaired with the help of stem cells. Stem cells are formed in the body and activated in the event of skin injuries, for example. Growth factors are important for the stimulation of stem cells and the transfer of information. These stimulate the production of stem cells, attach themselves to them and coordinate the further process. They stimulate the regeneration process.

As this natural process slows down with increasing age, appropriate treatment with valuable growth factors may be an option. In this way, the skin is supported from the inside out – without the influence of foreign substances.

Where does PRP come from?

PRP is the abbreviation for platelet-rich plasma. This refers to the blood plasma, which is rich in platelets and growth factors. It is also referred to as platelet-rich plasma. To obtain the PRP, a small amount of blood is taken from the patient. This blood is then specially prepared: The blood plasma is separated from the other blood components by centrifugation and can thus be isolated. For successful treatment, it is crucial that there are many vital (i.e. living) platelets in the concentrate. The higher the percentage, the more successful the treatment promises to be.

As the blood comes from the patient himself, intolerances and allergies are virtually excluded. PRP therapy (autologous blood treatment) is considered to be particularly gentle and low-risk.

What does PRP contain?

PRP contains the following growth factors, among others, which make an important contribution to skin rejuvenation and improvement of the skin structure:

  • Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) influences cell growth and repair mechanisms
  • Transforming Growth Factor (TGF) ensures that more small blood vessels are formed so that the skin is better supplied with blood, oxygen and nutrients
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) builds tissue and strengthens the blood vessels
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor (FGF) stimulates the formation of connective tissue fibers and stimulates the regeneration of skin and muscles
  • Platelet-Derived Growth Factor (PDGF) supports wound healing and tissue formation
  • Collagen Stimulating Growth Factor (CSGF) stimulates the cells to form new skin cells
  • Keratinocyte Growth Factor (KGF) also promotes the formation of fresh skin
  • PRP treatment for beautiful and young skin

    In autologous blood treatment for skin rejuvenation, PRP is injected into the relevant areas of skin using a fine cannula. To ensure that the treatment is as painless as possible, the areas can be anesthetized in advance, for example with a special anesthetic cream or a local anesthetic by injection. After the injection, the PRP gradually takes effect. Collagen synthesis and cell regeneration take some time to complete and renew the skin’s appearance. As a result, the rejuvenation effect set in gradually, which looks particularly natural.

    A second option for skin rejuvenation with PRP is the combination with a microneedling . In this procedure, tiny injuries are first inflicted on the skin by repeatedly inserting small needles into the tissue using a special dermapen. The PRP is then applied or injected. The two methods complement each other very well and experience has shown that they achieve optimum results.

    PRP also helps with hair loss

    The blood plasma with its precious growth factors can also be used to treat thinning hair. The doctor injects the PRP into the scalp, where it directly stimulates the hair roots and hair follicles. The regeneration and new formation result in the hair roots being strengthened and the hair being invigorated.

    PRP therapy can be used on its own or as an effective complement to hair transplantation. The international guidelines even recommend a supportive PRP treatment for hair transplantation, as the results are very positively influenced.

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